Medullary sponge kidney as seen on an intravenous pyelogram
Patients with MSK typically pass twice as many stones per year as do other stone formers without MSK. While described as a “benign” disorder with a low morbidity rate, as many as 10% of patients with MSK have an increased risk of morbidity associated with frequent stones and UTIs. While some patients report increased chronic kidney pain, the source of the pain, when a UTI or blockage is not present, is unclear at this time. Renal colic (flank and back pain) is present in 55% of patients.
Women with MSK experience more stones, UTIs and complications than men. MSK is generally non-hereditary.